background header Graduate Program of Hydrologic Sciences
background header Graduate Program of Hydrologic Sciences
background header Graduate Program of Hydrologic Sciences

Graduate Program of Hydrologic Sciences

Benjamin Sullivan

Assistant Professor

Natural Resources and Environmental Science

Academic & Research Interest

  • Soil carbon and greenhouse gases in restored mountain meadows
  • Rates and mechanisms of soil methane dynamics in arid environments
  • Tropical biogeochemistry: nitrogen fixation, secondary succession, and global change
  • Plant-soil feedbacks and restoration of old fields in Nevada
  • Effect of piñon-juniper fuels management on vegetation and soils in the Great Basin
EDUCATION
B.S. University of Montana, 2002
M.S. Northern Arizona University, 2007
Ph.D. Northern Arizona University, 2011

Areas of Study

Biogeochemical cycles,   Carbon sequestration,   Climate science,   Ecology,   Global change,   Nutrient cycling,   Soil chemistry,   Soil science/pedology,   Statistical analysis,  

Representative Publications

Journals
Carter, Z., Sullivan, B. W., Qualls, R. G., Blank, R., Schmidt, C., Verburg, P. 2018, Charcoal increases microbial activity in eastern Sierra Nevada forest., Forests 92 (3): 93, DOI:10.3390/f9020093.  
Harrison, J., Philbin, C., Gompert, Z., Forister, G., Hernandez, L., Sullivan, B. W., Wallace, I., Beltran, L., Dodson, C., Francis, J., Schlageter, A., Shelef, O., Yoon, S., Forister, M. L. 2018, Deconstruction of a plant-arthropod community reveals influential plant traits with nonlinear effects on arthropod assemblages., Functional Ecology DOI: 10.1111/1365-2435.13060.  
Osborne, B. B., Nasto, M. K., Asner, G. P., Balzotti, C. S., Cleveland, C. C., Sullivan, B. W., Taylor, P. G., Townsend, A. R., Porder, S. 2017, Climate, Topography, and Canopy Chemistry Exert Hierarchical Control Over Soil N Cycling in a Neotropical Lowland Forest, Ecosystems 20 (6): 1089-1103.   http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10021-016-0095-7
Castle, S. C., Sullivan, B. W., Knelman, J., Hood, E., Nemergut, D. R., Schmidt, S. K., Cleveland, C. C. 2017, Nutrient limitation of soil microbial activity during the earliest stages of ecosystem development., Oecologia 185: 513   https://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-017-3965-6
Taylor, P.G., Cleveland, C. C., Wieder, W. R., Sullivan, B. W., Doughty, C. E., Dobrowski, S., Townsend, A.R. 2017, Temperature and rainfall interact to control carbon cycling in tropical forests., Ecology Letters 20 (6): 779-788.  
Cleveland, C. C., Taylor, P., Chadwick, K. D., Doughty, C., Malhi, Y., Smith, W. K., Sullivan, B. W., Wieder, W. R., Townsend, A. R. 2015, A comparison of plot-based, satellite and Earth system model estimates of tropical NPP., Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 29(5), 626–644.  
Sullivan, B. W., Nasto, M. K., Hart, S. C., Hungate, B. A. 2015, Proximate controls on semiarid soil greenhouse gas fluxes across 3 million years of soil development., Biogeochemistry, 125(3), 375-391.  
Sullivan, B.W., S. Alvarez-Clare, S.C. Castle, S. Porder, S. Reed, L. Schreeg, A. Townsend, C.C. Cleveland. 2014, Assessing nutrient limitation in complex forested ecosystems: Alternatives to large-scale fertilization experiments., Ecology 95 (3). 668-681   http://naes.agnt.unr.edu/PMS/Pubs/688_2014_02.pdf
Nasto, M.K., S. Alvarez-Clare, Y. Lekberg, B.W. Sullivan, A.R. Townsend, C.C. Cleveland. 2014, Interactions among nitrogen fixation and soil phosphorus acquisition strategies in lowland tropical rain forests, Ecology Letters 17(10): 1282–1289.   http://naes.agnt.unr.edu/PMS/Pubs/688_2014_01.pdf
Abstract:

Paradoxically, symbiotic dinitrogen (N2) fixers are abundant in nitrogen (N)-rich, phosphorus (P)-poor lowland tropical rain forests. One hypothesis to explain this pattern states that N2 fixers have an advantage in acquiring soil P by producing more N-rich enzymes (phosphatases) that mineralise organic P than non-N2 fixers. We assessed soil and root phosphatase activity between fixers and non-fixers in two lowland tropical rain forest sites, but also addressed the hypothesis that arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) colonisation (another P acquisition strategy) is greater on fixers than non-fixers. Root phosphatase activity and AM colonisation were higher for fixers than non-fixers, and strong correlations between AM colonisation and N2 fixation at both sites suggest that the N–P interactions mediated by fixers may generally apply across tropical forests. We suggest that phosphatase enzymes and AM fungi enhance the capacity of N2 fixers to acquire soil P, thus contributing to their high abundance in tropical forests.

Sullivan, B.W., W.K. Smith, A.R. Townsend, M.K. Nasto, S.C. Reed, R. Chazdon, C.C. Cleveland 2014, Spatially robust estimates of biological nitrogen (N) fixation imply substantial human alteration of the tropical N cycle., Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 111 (22), 8101-8106.   http://naes.agnt.unr.edu/PMS/Pubs/688_2014_03.pdf
Sullivan, B.W., P.C. Selmants, S.C. Hart. 2013, Does dissolved organic carbon regulate biological methane oxidation in semiarid soils?, Global Change Biology 19 (7), 2149-2157.   http://naes.agnt.unr.edu/PMS/Pubs/688_2014_05.pdf
Sullivan, B.W., S.C. Hart. 2013, Evaluation of mechanisms controlling the priming of soil carbon along a substrate age gradient., Soil Biology and Biochemistry 58, 293-301.   http://naes.agnt.unr.edu/PMS/Pubs/688_2014_04.pdf
Looney, C.L., B.W. Sullivan, J.M. Kane, T.E. Kolb, S.C. Hart. 2012, Effects of water additions on pinyon pine (Pinus edulis) water relations, growth, and mortality across a three million year old soil age gradient in northern Arizona, USA., Plant and Soil 357, 89-102.  
Audio/Visual
Sullivan, B and Drew, M 2016, Carbon Sequestration Monitoring Equipment Demo, Vimeo.com   https://vimeo.com/159742249
 
Photo of Benjamin Sullivan

Contact Info

1664 N. Virginia Street
Reno,  Nevada   89557
Office: (775) 784-6374